Research and Innovation > Partners > Intellectual property

Intellectual property

What is intellectual property?

Intellectual property refers to the concrete expression of the creations of the mind. Intellectual property is grouped into 5 categories: inventions (patents), industrial designs, trademarks, geographic indications of source, integrated circuit topography and copyrights, which include literary and artistic works.

Intellectual property at ÉTS

At ÉTS, the subject of intellectual property is addressed in the Politique et règles en matière de propriété intellectuelle (Policy and by-laws respecting intellectual property).

This document, which discusses all subjects related to intellectual property from a broad perspective, and specifically including the matter of research, contains the following sections:

1. Written works, including works created as part of a collaborative effort, scientific books and articles, academic materials and works produced in whole or in part by students.
2. Inventions.
3. Computer programs.
4. Specific considerations related to contractual research.
5. Mediation, arbitration or recourse to civil courts.

In addition, the Policy applies to all members of ÉTS and to all persons who are remunerated pursuant to an employment contract issued by ÉTS, regardless of the source of the financing used to pay the salary in question. It also applies to all persons upon whom ÉTS confers academic status for the purposes of requests for research funding or for conducting research or creative activities and all persons involved in or working on any research project headed by any of the persons designated herein, irrespective of the specific activities.

ÉTS practices

With respect to the Politique de propriété intellectuelle (Policy respecting intellectual property), the formula is beneficial to the various parties involved. In fact, depending on the nature and context of the research work, the intellectual property may belong to the partner, to ÉTS, or to both parties jointly. Ownership is determined on a case-by-case basis for each project.


A patent represents the rights that a government confers upon you to prohibit the use, production and sale of your invention by a third party in the corresponding country. At ÉTS, commercially promising technology is generally protected by patent in order to create a competitive advantage for the partner in the targeted sector.

Related sites